The First Meeting of the National Council for Electric Mobility (NCEM) was held under the Chairmanship of Shri Praful Patel, Minister for Heavy Industry & Public Enterprises, at New Delhi on August 29. The NCEM adopted the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (NEMMP 2020), which is the mission document for National Mission for Electric Mobility (NMEM). The meeting was attended by Shri Kamal Nath, Minister for Urban Development, Dr. Farooq Abdullah, Minister for New & Renewable Energy, Dr. C.P. Joshi, Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shri Vayalar Ravi, Minister for Science & Technology, Shri Namo Narain Meena, Minister of State for Finance, Dr. K. Kasturirangan, Member, Planning Commission, Dr. R. Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister, eminent leaders from the industry, academia and research institutes. The NEMMP 2020 lays the vision, sets the targets and provides the roadmap for achieving significant penetration of efficient and environmentally friendly electric vehicle (including hybrids) technologies in India by 2020.
The Government last year had approved the NMEM and the setting up of a
high level apex structure in the form of the NCEM and the National Board
for Electric Mobility (NBEM) for faster adoption of electric vehicles
(including hybrids) and their manufacture in India. NMEM is amongst the
most significant recent initiatives taken up by the Government for the
automotive sector with the potential to vastly change the automotive
paradigm of the future.
The NEMMP 2020 is based on an in-depth primary data based study
conducted jointly by the Government & the Industry and detailed
stakeholder consultations involving all related Government Ministries,
automotive industry, battery manufacturers, academia and research
institutes. The NEMMP 2020 has set a target of 6-7 million units of new
vehicle sales of full range of electric vehicles, along with resultant
liquid fuel savings of 2.2 – 2.5 million tonnes to be achieved in 2020.
This will also result in substantial lowering of vehicular emissions and
decrease in carbon di-oxide emissions by 1.3% to 1.5% in 2020 as
compared to a status quo scenario.
However, in view of the large barriers that currently exist, the NCEM
supported the strong upfront & continued support by Government,
which would be essential to realize this demand potential. The
Government will provide the initial impetus through demand support
measures to facilitate faster consumer acceptance of these newer
technologies which have a higher cost of acquisition. In addition,
Government will also facilitate automotive R&D and put in place
charging infrastructure. It is estimated that the total investment
required will be in the range of Rs 20,000 – Rs 23,000 crores, of which
the support required to be provided by the Government will be to the
tune of Rs 12,250 – Rs 13,850 Crores over the next 5-6 years. The
industry will also partner the Government and make large investments for
developing the products and creating the manufacturing eco-system.
The cost-benefit analysis for the initiative has also been carried out,
and it is projected that in case India is able to realize the demand
potential for xEV by 2020, there would be huge benefits by way of liquid
fuel savings, lowering of Carbon emissions, lowering of other
emissions, job creation. This Intervention will also encourage the
Indian Industry to shift to newer, cleaner technologies so that it
builds its future competitive advantage around environmentally
sustainable products, high end technologies, and innovation, thereby
helping to improve the competitiveness of domestic automotive industry.
The substantial savings on account of decrease in liquid fossil fuel
consumption as a result of shift to electric mobility will more than
offset the support provided thereby justifying this initiative as an
economically viable proposition. In addition, given the substantial
mitigation of adverse impact of transportation on the environment, the
NCEM was of the firm belief that supporting the faster adoption of
hybrid & electric vehicles and their manufacture in India will be a
wise investment that we need to make for our future generations.
The NEMMP-2020 document is planned to be formally unveiled before the
nation very soon. The work for implementation of the plan is being
headed by DHI with the support of NATRiP and will involve finalization
and roll out of comprehensive array of interventions, schemes, policies
and projects during the next few months.